Complete Balanced Diet and Nutrition

A balanced diet must contain sufficient amount of carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals and fibre in the required amounts*,1. Each of these nutrients has a vital role in the all-round growth and development of children1,2.

Carbohydrate: Provides a source of energy. In a child’s active life style, carbohydrates are a vital source of energy to keep them active1-3.

Protein: Required for growth and repair. In years of rapid growth, children need proteins in adequate amounts for optimal growth1,3.

Fat: It is a source of energy and are required for absorption of fat soluble vitamins1,4.

Vitamins: Required in very small quantities to keep your child healthy1.

Minerals: Required for healthy teeth, bones and muscles. Significant development of teeth, bones and muscles happens by 10 years of age1.

Fibre: Helps maintain a good intestinal function. Fibre is not digestible and helps in bowel movement5,6.

*A balanced diet is the presence of these nutrients in the right proportions1.

  1. National Institute of Nutrition ICMR. Dietary Guidelines for Indians - A Manual.; 2011. endorsed by Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations
  2. World Health Organisation. Healthy Diet Fact Sheet No. 394. September 2016. Accessed October 7, 2016.
  3. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2015 – 2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 8th Edition. December 2015. Accessed October 7, 2016
  4. FAO of the United Nations. Fats and Fatty Acids in Human Nutrition.; 2010.
  5. Anderson JW, Baird P, Davis RH, et al. Health benefits of dietary fiber. Nutrition Reviews. 2009;67(4):188-205. doi:10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00189.x.
  6. Stewart, Nathan, " The health benefits of dietary fiber consumption of adults in the United States" (2014). Graduate Research Papers. Paper37.